The Eastern of Lake Victoria Diocese used to operate in two regions of Tanzania, namely, Mwanza and Shinyanga, with a population of six million inhabitants, which is 20% of the entire Tanzanian population. Among these people, only 6% of the population is Christians. The rest adhere to traditional beliefs and some few Muslims.

The inhabitants in this area depend on agriculture and livestock for living. Cotton is the major cash crop which most of the cloth industries in the country count on it as their source of raw material. The area is also rich in precious gem stones including gold and diamonds. Fish in Lake Victoria enrich the country in terms of million shillings from exports.

You could expect people living in this area to be better off since they are surrounded by numerous of potentialities, which could benefit them abundantly. But the negative is the case. Most of the people in this area live abject poverty.

No matter how rich the area is, it does not help them at all. They are just spectators of what is going on. They rank to be among the poorest and the most deprived people in the country.

Most of the time poverty always results into something terrible. Being poor as they are, people of this area most of the time face shortage of food. They are also subject to disease, mostly malaria and HIV/AIDS. Health Services is not adequately rendered. There is very little rain, hence vegetation is not to their advantage. They face drought and deforestation partly because of the introduction of tobacco cultivation that has led to massive destruction of tree cover.

The traditional beliefs they adhere to, high illiteracy rate and the lack of Christianity influence in this area are some of the major factors of all these challenges the area is subject to. In this area they have strong belief in traditional religion which does not translate their life positively. But most of the time it leaves them with fear. Fear of witchcraft, fear of customs and taboos etc.